Press Release – 23 January 2012

Research conducted by the Countryside and Community Research Institute (CCRI) and Cardiff University has found that farmers surveyed in five areas of England lack confidence in a badger vaccine to prevent the spread of bovine Tuberculosis (bTB). Farmers also had low levels of trust in the Government’s ability to manage bovine Tuberculosis.

A total of 341 farmers were surveyed during the autumn of 2010 in five areas of England (Devon, Gloucestershire and Cheshire), including the area of the Badger Vaccine Deployment Project (BVDP) where badgers have been vaccinated against bTB. This survey preceded Defra’s announcement in 2011 of their intention to license groups of farmers/landowners to cull badgers for the purpose of preventing the spread of bovine TB in cattle.

In general, 48% of farmers in this study thought that vaccination was a good thing to do, but only a quarter thought that it would help prevent the spread of bTB. Overall, 33% of the farmers that responded to the survey could be said to support badger vaccination, whilst 19% rejected it outright. These attitudes were related to farmers’ views of Defra: less than a quarter of farmers thought Defra could manage vaccination competently; a third thought that the Government’s scientific case for badger vaccination lacked credibility; and the vast majority (89%) believed that it was not their responsibility to pay for vaccination.

Farmers responding to the survey were pessimistic that they were able to do anything about avoiding bTB restrictions: 79% said that it was simply a matter of luck if their cattle got bTB. The majority of farmers (52%) did not think the Government were doing a good job in relation to bTB policy; 80% believed that bTB policy was too influenced by the general public (as opposed to veterinary or agricultural specialists); and 46% did not believe bTB policy decisions in general to have been fairly made.

Lead researcher Dr Damian Maye (CCRI) said: “This research has provided an important preliminary analysis of farmers’ confidence in badger vaccination. The results suggest farmers have cautious views about the role of vaccination to control bTB in cattle. In particular, farmers surveyed were concerned about the practicality of badger vaccination”.

Dr Gareth Enticott (Cardiff University) added: “What this research is showing is that farmers are not confident that vaccination will work, partly because they had low levels of trust in the Government’s approach to bovine TB.”


Information for Editors:

This press release is based on a paper recently published in Veterinary Record. A full copy of the paper can be accessed here:

The research is part of a Defra funded project examining farmers’ confidence in badger vaccination. The social science study to accompany the Government’s bovine TB Badger Vaccine Deployment Project (BVDP) was launched in the summer of 2010.

The Badger Vaccine Deployment Project has been run by the Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA) in an area of Gloucestershire. Badgers have been trapped and vaccinated on an annual basis since 2010.

In 2011 Defra announced their intention to license groups of farmers/landowners to cull badgers for the purpose of preventing the spread of bovine TB in cattle, subject to a strict set of policy requirements. Licenses to vaccinate badgers will continue to be available for farmers/landowners who wish to use vaccination either alone, or in combination with culling. The Government has decided that culling should be piloted initially in two areas in 2012.