BSc (Hons) (Rural Resource Management), PhD (Economic Geography), APM PFQ

Telephone: +44 (0) 1242 714132






Paul’s research interests are concerned with understanding the nuances of socio-economic impact and development as they interact with people, places and policy. Paul utilises a range of approaches grounded in Economic and Social Geography, including: socio-economic impact analysis, local economic modelling action research, qualitative methodologies and social cost-benefit analysis. Paul is currently applying Social Return on Investment (SROI) to impact measurement in the Voluntary and Community Sector and the evaluation of European rural policy; developing social indicators for the farming sector and is part of a CCRI team designing Malta’s Rural Development Programme for 2014-20. He joined the CCRI in 2002 and was awarded the title of Professor in 2013.


APM PFQ logo

Baker, Colin, Courtney, Paul, Kubinakova, Katarina, Crone, Diane M and Billinghham, Diana (2019) Assessing the broader social outcomes of a community health programme through a social-ecological framework. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. ISSN 1463-5240 (In Press)

Baker, Colin, Courtney, Paul and Knepil, G. (2019) Evaluating societal outcomes of orthognathic surgery: an innovative application of the Social Return on Investment methodology to patients after orthognathic treatment. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 57 (2). pp. 145-150. ISSN 0266-4356

Courtney, P. (2017) Conceptualising Social Value for the Third Sector and Developing Methods for Its Assessment. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 1-31 DOI 10.1007/s11266-017-9908-3. August. 'Online First':

Baker, C. and Courtney, P. (2015) Conceptualising the societal value of health and wellbeing and developing indicators for assessment, The European Journal of Public Health, 25, 3, 291-292

Naylor, R. and Courtney, P. (2014) Exploring the social context of risk perception and behaviour: Farmers’ response to bovine tuberculosis. Geoforum, 57. pp. 48-56. ISSN 00167185

Reed, M., Courtney, P., Urquhart, J. and Ross, N. (2013) Beyond fish as commodities: Understanding the socio-cultural role of inshore fisheries in England. Marine Policy, 37. pp. 62-68. ISSN 0308597X

Courtney, P., Mills, J., Gaskell, P. and Chaplin, S. (2013) Investigating the incidental benefits of Environmental Stewardship schemes in England. Land Use Policy, 31. pp. 26-37. ISSN 02648377

Urquhart, J., Courtney, P. and Slee, B. (2012) Private woodland owners’ perspectives on multifunctionality in English woodlands. Journal of Rural Studies, 28 (1). pp. 95-106. ISSN 07430167

Urquhart, J. and Courtney, P. (2011) Seeing the owner behind the trees: A typology of small-scale private woodland owners in England. Forest Policy and Economics, 13 (7). pp. 535-544. ISSN 13899341

Urquhart, J., Acott, T., Reed, M. and Courtney, P. (2011) Setting an agenda for social science research in fisheries policy in Northern Europe. Fisheries Research, 108 (2-3). pp. 240-247. ISSN 01657836

Ilbery, B., Courtney, P., Kirwan, J. and Maye, D. (2010) Marketing concentration and geographical dispersion: A survey of organic farms in England and Wales. British Food Journal, 112 (9). pp. 962-975. ISSN 0007-070X

Urquhart, J., Courtney, P. and Slee, B. (2010) Private Ownership and Public Good Provision in English Woodlands. Small-scale Forestry, 9 (1). pp. 1-20. ISSN 1873-7617

Courtney, Pand Moseley, M. (2008) Determinants of Local Economic Performance: Experience from Rural England. Local Economy, 23 (4). pp. 305-318. ISSN 0269-0942

Short, C., Ilbery, B., Courtney, P., Kambites, C. and Boase, R. (2008) Exploring the interactions between land-based industries and communities in rural England.Journal of Farm Management, 13 (5). pp. 369-378. ISSN 0014-8059

Courtney, P., Lépicier, D. and Schmitt, B. (2008) Spatial Patterns of Production Linkages in the Context of Europe's Small Towns: How Are Rural Firms Linked to the Local Economy? Regional Studies, 42 (3). pp. 355-374. ISSN 0034-3404

Courtney, P., Jones, P.,  Mayfield, L. and Tranter, R. (2007) Small towns as 'sub-poles' in English rural development? An investigation of rural urban linkages using sub-regional social accounting matrices. Geoforum, 38 (6). pp. 1219-1232. ISSN 0016-7185

Owen, S. Moseley, M. and Courtney, P. (2007) Bridging the gap: An attempt to reconcile strategic planning and very local community-based planning in rural England. Local Government Studies, 33 (1). pp. 49-76. ISSN 0300-3930

Courtney, P., Mayfield, L., Tranter, R., Jones, P. and Errington, A. (2007) Small towns as ‘sub-poles’ in English rural development: Investigating rural–urban linkages using sub-regional social accounting matrices. Geoforum, 38 (6). pp. 1219-1232. ISSN 00167185

Courtney, P. and Hill, G. (2006) Demand analysis projections for non-tourist visits to countryside woodlands in Great Britain. Forestry, 79 (2). pp. 185-200. ISSN 0015-752X

Courtney, P., Hill, G. and Roberts, D. (2006) The role of the natural heritage in rural development: An empirical analysis of economic linkages in Scotland. Journal of Rural Studies, 22 (4). pp. 469-484. ISSN 0743-0167

Hill, G. and Courtney, P. (2006) Demand analysis projections for recreational visits to countryside woodlands in Great Britain. Forestry, 79 (2). pp. 185-200. ISSN 0015-752X

Courtney, P., Hill, G. and Roberts, D. (2006) The role of natural heritage in rural development: An analysis of economic linkages in Scotland. Journal of Rural Studies, 22 (4). pp. 469-484. ISSN 07430167

Urquhart, Julie, Courtney, Paul, Chiswell, Hannah Marie, Powell, John R, Reed, Matt, Young, Imogen and Delahunty, Tony (2019) Feasibility Study for a Survey of Fishers. Technical Report. Final Report to Defra. Countryside and Community Research Institute, Cheltenham.

Powell, John R, Lake, Jeremy, Gaskell, Peter, Courtney, Paul and Smith, Ken (2018) Developing an ecosystems approach – dry stone walls. Project Report. Historic England, England.

Courtney, Paul, Burton, Leonie, Baker, Colin and Russell, Wendy K (2018) Going the Extra Mile (GEM): Interim Monitoring and Evaluation Report. Project Report. Gloucestershire Going the Extra Mile (GEM) Project; University of Gloucestershire.

Kubinakova, Katarina and Courtney, Paul (2018) Evaluating the Impact of a New Model of Time Banking - Final Report. Project Report. University of Goucestershire.

Baker, Colin, Courtney, Paul, Kubinakova, Katarina, Ellis, Elizabeth, Loughren, Elizabeth A and Crone, Diane (2017) Gloucestershire Active Together Evaluation Final Report. Project Report. University of Gloucestershire, Cheltenham.

Courtney, P. (2016) Development of a Monitoring and Evaluation framework and a Forecast SROI for HCGC and to support the Growing Health Network. Final Report for Hulme Community Garden Centre the Tudor Trust.

Dwyer, J., Short, C., Berriet-Solliec, M., Gael-Lataste, F., Pham, H-V., Affleck, M., Courtney, P. and Déprès, C. (2015)  Public Goods and Ecosystem Services from Agriculture and Forestry – a conceptual approachCollaborative project Horizon2020. Project acronym: PEGASUS

Courtney, P.(2014). The Local Food Programme: A Social Return on Investment Approach. Final Report to the Royal Society of Wildlife Trusts.

Courtney, P. and Kambites, C. and Moseley, M. (2014) Proving Our Value: The Gloucestershire Action Research Project. Project Report. Countryside and Community Research Institute, University of Gloucestershire, Gloucester.

Gaskell, Peter and Edwards, B and Courtney, Paul (2014) Evaluating the effectiveness of Environmental Stewardship for the conservation of historic buildings, Final Report to Natural England. Project Report. Defra.

Schmutz, U., Courtney, P. and Bos, E. (2014) The Social Return on Investment (SROI) of the Master Gardener Programme. Technical Report. SROI Master Gardeners Programme 2014.

Powell, John R and Courtney, Paul (2013) An assessment of the Social Return on Investment of Axes 1 and 3 of the Rural Development Programme for England. Technical Report. Countryside and Community Research Institute, University of Gloucestershire, Gloucestershire.

Dwyer, J., Courtney, P.,and J. Powell. (2013).  Summary: structure and budget of the Malta RDP 2015-20.  Ministry for Sustainable Development, the Environment and Climate Change, Malta.

Dwyer, J., Powell, J. and Courtney, P. (2012) A Strategic Approach to Malta’s Rural Development Programme 2104-20. Final Report for the Maltese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs.

Powell, J., Courtney, P., Dwyer, J., Mallia, S., Muscat, R., and Cordina, G. (2012). A new approach to Malta’s Rural Development Programme. The Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs, Government of Malta.

Courtney, P., Dwyer, J. and Lewis, N. (2012) Evaluation of CAP measures Applied to the Wine Sector: UK Case Study. Report to DG Agriculture.

Powell, J., Kambites, C., Courtney, P. and Mills, J., (2012) Permissive Access Provision through the Higher Level Stewardship Scheme. Final Report to Natural England.

Mills, J., Short, C., Courtney, P. and Cairns, A. (2012) Economics of Co-ordination in Environmental Stewardship. Final report to Defra and Natural England.

Powell, J., Mills, J., Courtney, P. and Short, C. (2011) Developing approaches to ex-post assessment of regulatory change impacts at the farm level: prototype study. Final report to Defra.

Reed, M., and Courtney, P. (2011) The social impacts of England’s inshore fishing industry. Final Report to Defra.

Copus, A., Courtney, P., Dax, T., Meredith, D., Noguera, J., Shucksmith, M. and Talbot, H. (2010) European Development Opportunities for Rural Areas (EDORA). Applied Research 2013/2. Final Report, ESPON, Brussels.

Mills, J., Courtney, P., Gaskell, P, and Ingram, J. (2010) Assessing the incidental socio-economic impacts of Environmental Stewardship. Report to Defra and Natural England.

Smith, I. and Courtney, P. (2009) Preparatory study for a seminar on rural-urban linkages fostering social cohesion. Final Report, DG Regional Policy, Brussels.

Lobley, M., Butler, A., Courtney, P., Ilbery, B., Kirwan, J., Maye, D., Potter, C. and Winter, M. (2009) Analysis of socio-economic aspects of local and national organic farming markets. Final report to Defra, with the Centre for Rual Research, University of Exeter.

Courtney, P., Gaskell, P. and Mills, J. (2008) Scoping study on the socio-economic benefits of heritage in the National Parks. Final Report to English Heritage and Cadw.

Courtney, P., Short, C., Kambites, C., Moseley, M., Ilbery, B., Boase, R., Owen, S. and Clark, M. (2007) The Social Contribution of Land-based Industries to Rural Communities. Commission for Rural Communities.

Courtney, P., Gaskell, P., Mills, J. and Edwards, R. (2007) A socio-economic study of grant-funded traditional drystone wall and farm building restoration in the Yorkshire Dales National Park. English Heritage.

Warren, M., Courtney, P., Edwards, J., Hopkins, A., Lobley, M., Morris, C., Slee, R.W., Vaughan, R. and Wilson, G. (2006) Rural Research in the South West of England. South West Region Rural Research Priorities Board.

(2015) Conceptualising the societal value of health and wellbeing and developing indicators for assessment. In: European Public Health Conference 2015, 14-17 October, Milan. With Colin Baker.

(2015) Conceptualising and measuring the social impacts of animal disease: the case of Bovine Tuberculosis. With Gareth Enticott, Cardiff University.

(2013) Economic and Social Benefits of Investment in the Historic Environment. Presentation to The Rural Historic Environment: Heritage Management in the Countryside of the 21st Century, University of Oxford. With Gaskell, P and Mills, J.

(2012) Measuring Impact: Experience from the Proving our Value Gloucestershire Project. Presented at the South West Forum Conference on Collaborating for Impact, Plymouth University, 27 Nov.   (2012) Social Return on Investment (SROI): An overview for Local Action Groups. Presentation and workshop session given at the RDPE Network workshop on Measuring Your impact, hosted by Defra, Birmingham, 29 Nov. With Kubinakova, K.

(2011) Improved urban-rural linkages as an EU rural development policy measure. Presented at the Regional Studies Association Annual International Conference, Newcastle University, 17-20 April 2011. With Talbot, H.   (2010) Socio-economic impacts and benefits of agri-environment schemes in England. Presented at the Social Dimensions of Market Based Environmental Incentives International Forum, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia 18-19 November, 2010

(2008) Socio-economic benefits of the historic landscape: experience from English National Parks. The Permanent European Conference for the Study of the Rural Landscape. ‘Landscapes, identities and development’, Lisbon / Óbidos, Portugal, 1-5 September. With Gaskell, P. and Mills, J.

Member of the SROI network
Member of the Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics
Member of the Small Towns for Tomorrow Forum, Action for Market Towns

Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society (With IBG)
Fellow of the Royal Society for Public health