MA (Natural Sciences), PhD (Agricultural Economics)

Tel +44 (0) 1242 714128


linkedin-logo- academia eu logo



Janet joined the CCRI in 2002 after working for more than a decade in a government agency and an independent policy think-tank. She was awarded the title of Professor of Rural Policy in 2010 and became Director of the CCRI in 2013.

Janet directs and undertakes research related to agriculture, the environment and rural development. Her research expertise centres on European and UK rural development policy and practice, with particular interest in integrated approaches, environmental sustainability and institutional adaptation. Janet is well-known in policymaking circles in the UK and EU, has skills in facilitation and consensus-building, and is a regular speaker at international conferences.

She is a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, a founder and steering group member of the Uplands Alliance, and an active member of the UK Agricultural Economics Society. Recent projects include a farm survey of Exmoor; PEGASUS - a major, EU-28 study on public goods and ecosystem services from farming and forestry; supporting the government of Malta to review its agriculture policy and prepare its RDP for 2014-2020; and a pan-EU study on Rural Development impacts (RuDI).

In 2017, Janet was elected an Associate of the Royal Agricultural Societies of the UK, and also the French Academie d’Agriculture.

Recent Publications

Vigani, Mauro and Dwyer, Janet C (2019) Profitability and efficiency of high nature value marginal farming in England. Journal of Agricultural Economics. ISSN 0021-857X (In Press)

Ingram, J., Dwyer, J., Gaskell, P., Mills, J. and de Wolf, P.  (2018). Reconceptualising translation in agricultural innovation: A co-translation approach to bring research knowledge and practice closer together. Land Use Policy, 70, pp.38-51.

Mills, J., P. Gaskell, J. Ingram, J. Dwyer, M. Reed, and C. Short. (2016). Engaging farmers in environmental management through a better understanding of behaviour. Agriculture and Human Values:1-17. doi:10.1007/s10460-016-9705-4.

Mills, J, Taylor, J, Dwyer, J Bartlett, J (2014) The well-being benefits of sensory-rich farm visits. International Journal of Agricultural Management Vol 4 (1), pp. 3-10.

Dwyer, J. (2014) CAP Reform Proposals for Small and Semi-subsistence Farms. EuroChoices, 13 (1). pp. 31-35. ISSN 14780917

Rutz, C., Dwyer, J. and Schramek, J. (2014) More New Wine in the Same Old Bottles? The Evolving Nature of the CAP Reform Debate in Europe, and Prospects for the Future. Sociologica Ruralis Volume 54, Issue 3, pages 266–284, July.

Sutherland, L., Mills, J., Ingram, J., Burton, R., Dwyer, J. and Blackstock, K. (2013) Considering the Source: Commercialisation and trust in agri-environmental information and advisory services in England. Journal of environmental management. Reference: YJEMA349

Dwyer, J. (2013) Policy integration for sustainable agricultural landscapes: taking stock of UK policy and practice. Landscape Research. DOI:10.1080/01426397.2013.784245

Dwyer, J. (2013) Innovation for sustainable agriculture: what role for the second pillar of CAP? Bio-based and Applied Economics 2(1): 29-47, 2013.

Short, C. and Dwyer, J. (2012) Reconciling pastoral agriculture and nature conservation: developing a co-management approach in the English uplands. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 2012, 2:13. Online version available.

Mills, J., Gibbon, D., Ingram, J., Reed, M., Short, C. and Dwyer, J. (2011) Organising collective action for effective environmental management and social learning in Wales. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 17(1) pp. 69 – 83

Dwyer, J. (2010) UK Land use futures: policy influence and challenges up to 2060. Land Use Policy.

Bradley, D., Dwyer, J. and Hill, B. (2010) The Evaluation of Rural Development Policy in the EU (pages 15–20) Eurochoices Article. First published online: 1 APR 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1746-692X.2010.00148.

Boatman, N., Piertravalle, S., Parry, H. R., Crocker, J., Irving, P. V., Turley, D. B., Mills, J. and Dwyer, J. (2009) Agricultural land use and Skylark Alauda arvensis: a case study linking a habitat association model to spatially explicit change scenarios. Ibis, 152 (1). pp. 63-76. ISSN 00191019

Dwyer, J., Bradley, D. & Hill, B. (2008) Towards an Enhanced Evaluation of European Rural Development Policy: Reflections on UK Experience. Economie Rural.   pp. 53-79.

Dwyer, J. and Findeis, J. (2008) Human and Social Capital in Rural Development; EU and US Perspectives, EuroChoices, Special Issue on EU and US Rural Development Policies, 7,7.

Dwyer, J., Ward, N., Lowe, P. and Baldock, D. (2007) European Rural Development Under The Common Agricultural Policy's 'Second Pillar': Institutional conservatism and innovation. Regional Studies, Vol. 41.7, pp. 115.

Dwyer, J. (2016) Conclusions; in ‘La production de biens publics en agriculture: quelle prise en compte par la PAC? Co-ordination Marielle Berriet-Solliec, Educagri editions. ISBN 979-10-275-0030-7. Dijon.

Dwyer, J. (2007) Case studies of subsidy reform and sustainable development: agriculture, In: subsidy reform and sustainable development: political economy aspects. OECD, pp. 71-93. ISBN 9789264019362

Dwyer, J. and Guyomard, H. (2006) International trade, agricultural policy reform and the multifunctionality of EU agriculture: a framework for analysis in Kaditi, E. and Swinnen, J. (eds.) Trade agreements, multifunctionality and EU agriculture. Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Brussels. pp. 187-202. ISBN 9789290796725

Alexopolous, Y., Baldock, D., Damianos, D. and Dwyer, J. (2006) Multifunctionality and the implications for EU policies in Kaditi, E. and Swinnen, J. (eds.) Trade agreements, multifunctionality and EU agriculture. Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Brussels, pp. 299-317. ISBN 978-9290796725

Dwyer, J. and Hodge, I. (1996) Countryside in trust : land management by conservation, recreation and amenity organisations. Wiley. ISBN 0471948713; 0471948713 (hbk : alk. paper):

Berry, Robert, Dwyer, Janet C, Gaskell, Peter, Lake, Jeremy, Powell, John R and Young, Imogen (2019) LANDMAP, Landscape and a Changing Climate. Technical Report. Natural Resources Wales, Bangor.

Maréchal, A., Baldock, D., Hart, K., Dwyer, J., Pérez-Soba, M., Paracchini, M-L., Brouwer, F., Polman, N. and Short, C. (2015) Synthesis report – The PEGASUS conceptual framework 

Dwyer, J., Short, C., Berriet-Solliec, M., Gael-Lataste, F., Pham, H-V., Affleck, M., Courtney, P. and Déprès, C. (2015)  Public Goods and Ecosystem Services from Agriculture and Forestry – a conceptual approachCollaborative project Horizon2020. Project acronym: PEGASUS

Dwyer, J., Mills, J., Powell, J., Lewis, N., Gaskell, P. and Felton, J. (2015) The State of Farming in Exmoor 2015. Project Report. University of Gloucestershire, Gloucester.

Dwyer, J., Temple, M., Jones, J. Cordina, G., Vella, S. and Muscat, R. (2014) Towards a new Agricultural Policy for Malta: final report. February 2014.

Kuikman, P., Vuillings, W., Dwyer, J., Powell, J., Carballo Pescadinha, B. and Timmerman, J. (2014) Study on the analysis of climate hotspots in Member States as regards rural development (EAFRD). 071303/CLIMA/ETU/2013/661577/A2. European Commission, Brussels.

Dwyer, J. and Lewis, N. (2014) UK market case study. Evaluation of the competitiveness of EU wines in key markets, for DG Agri of the European Commission. Project led by Cogea (Italy), full report to be published online end 2014.

Dwyer, J., Courtney, P.,and J. Powell. (2013)  Summary: structure and budget of the Malta RDP 2015-20.  Ministry for Sustainable Development, the Environment and Climate Change, Malta.

Davidova, S., Bailey, A., Dwyer, J., Erjavec, E., Gorton, M. and Thomson, K. (2013) Study: Semi-subsistence farming - value and directions of development IP/B/AGRI/IC/2012-65, May 2013.

Powell, J., Courtney, P., Dwyer, J., Mallia, S., Muscat, R., and Cordina, G. (2012). A new approach to Malta’s Rural Development Programme. The Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs, Government of Malta.

Reed, M., Courtney, P.,  Dwyer, J., Griffiths, B.,Jones, O., Lewis, N., Moseley, M., Phillipson, J., Powell, J., Ross, N. and Urquhart, J. (2011) The Social Impacts on England’s Inshore Fishing Industry: Final Report. Technical Report. Defra, London.

Dwyer, J. and Short, C. (2011) An ecosystem services pilot in the South West – building a framework for delivery. Report to Exmoor National Park Authority and Natural England.

Dwyer, J., Pereira, S., Berriet-Solliec, M. and Lataste, F. (2011) TWG4 Step 2 Case study – the delivery system of rural development policy in France. ENRD, Brussels.

Mills, J., Lewis, N. and Dwyer, J. (2010) Unpacking the Benefits of LEAF Membership: a qualitative study to understand the added value that LEAF brings to its farmer members. LEAF, Stoneleigh.

Dwyer, J and Kirwan, J (2010) TWG4 Step 1 Case study – The delivery system of rural development policy in Ireland. ENRD, Brussels.

Dwyer, J, Condliffe, I, Short, C and Pereira, S. (2010) Sustaining marginal areas: the case of the English uplands. RuDI Case Study WP8 report. CCRI, Cheltenham. At

Gaskell, P., Dwyer, J., Jones, J., Jones, N., Boatman, N., Condliffe, I., Conyers, S., Ingram, J., Kirwan, J., Manley, W., Mills, J. and Ramwell, C. (2010) Economic and environmental impacts of changes in support measures for the English Uplands: An in-depth forward look from the farmer’s perspective. Final report to the Defra Agricultural Change and Environment Observatory programme by the Countryside and Community Research Institute and the Food and Environment Research Agency Central Science Laboratory.

Dwyer, J., Kirwan, J., Maye, D., Pereira, S. (2009) WP7 D 7.1 Outline framework and instructions for case study selection. Also WP7, D.7.2 RuDI case study framework. At

Dwyer, J., Kirwan, J., Maye, D., Pereira, S. and Thomson, K. (2009) RDP policy design – Work Package 2 overview report. Part of the online publications of the RuDI Seventh Framework EU research project. At

Crosta, N., Bryce, B. A., Trapasso, R. (OECD), Dwyer, J. (CCRI) and Fonte, M. (University of Naples). (2009) Rural Policy Review: Italy. OECD, Paris.

Hyder Consulting and ADAS, with Dwyer, J. (2009) Ex-post evaluation of the England Rural Development Programme, 2000-06. Report to Defra and the European Commission. Vol.1. Main report.

Hyder Consulting and ADAS, with Dwyer, J. (2009) Ex-post evaluation of the ERDP 2000-06. Vol.2. Recommendations for future monitoring and evaluation. Report to Defra.

Hyder Consulting and ADAS, with Dwyer, J. (2009) Ex-post evaluation of the ERDP 2000-06. Vol.3. Implications for the future of CAP support beyond 2013. Report to Defra.

Mills, J., Dwyer, J., Ingram, J., Simpson, R., Oostindie, H., Primdahl, J., Bojesen, M., Powell, N. and Powell, S. (2009) EU environmental regulations in agriculture. Report for the Environment Agency.

Mills, J., Dwyer, J., Taylor, J. and Reed, M. (2009) Smarter sustainable land management – an assessment of the policy framework from the land manager’s perspective. Report to the National Trust, May.

Dwyer, J., Kirwan, J., Maye, D., Pereira, S. and Thomson, K. (2009) Rural Development Programme Policy Design: Overview Report. Work package 2 of the EU-funded project RuDI (Assessing the Impact of Rural Development Policies). February.

Gaskell, P.,  Dwyer, J., Ford, B., Murphy, K., Pyper, A. and Martin, C. (2008) Monitoring the Historic Environment: The Archaeological Resource. Project Report. Cadw.

Dwyer, J., Mantino, F., Schiller, S., Baldock, D., Farmer, M., Knickel, K., Prazan, J., Trantinova, M., Lewis, N., Thomson, K., Kambites, C., Kirwan, J., Tarangioli, S., Monteleone, A., Bolli, M., Clark, M., Bradley, D., Bartley, J., Hart, K., Keenleyside, C. (2008) Rural development instruments review. Report to DG Agriculture, European Commission. July.

Dwyer, J. and Ingram, J. (2008) UK and Ireland reports for Agrosynergie: Évaluation des mesures concernant les organisations de producteurs dans le secteur des fruits et legumes. Report to DG Agriculture of the European Commission, July 2008, Brussels. See

Boatman, N., Ramwell, C., Parry, H., Jones, N., Bishop, J., Gaskell, P., Short, C., Mills, J. and Dwyer, J. (2008) A Review of environmental benefits supplied by agri-environmental schemes. Report to LUPG. Available to download from

Dwyer, J., Kirwan, J. and Thomson, K. (2008) RDP Policy Design Report for the United Kingdom. Work package 2 of the EU-funded project RuDI (Assessing the Impact of Rural Development Policies). October.

Dwyer, J., Kirwan, J. Thomson, K., Clark, M. Kambites, C. Lewis, N. and Molnarova, A. (2008) Review of Rural Development Instruments. DG Agri project 2006-G4-10. Final Report. (With colleagues at INEA, IfLS, IEEP, VUZE, AgraCeas Consulting Ltd). July.

Dwyer, J., Kirwan, J., Maye, D., Thomson, K. and Pereira, S. (2008) Priorities in rural development policies. Country profiles on rural characteristics. Work package 1 of the EU-funded project RuDI (Assessing the Impact of Rural Development Policies). May.

Mills, J., Ingram, J., Reed, M., Short, C., Gibbon, D. and Dwyer, J. (2008) Evaluation of key factors that lead to successful agri-environmental co-operative schemes. Final report to WAG.

MacDonald, N., Dwyer, J., Groves, S., Dinsdale, K., Kirwan, J. and Ingram, J. (2006) The influence of produce protocols on water use and land management. EA project A20. Unpublished report to the Environment Agency of England and Wales.

Swales, V., Farmer, M., Keenleyside, C., Slee, R.W. and Dwyer, J. (2006) The Environmental Contribution of LEADER+ in the UK. Land Use Policy Group.

Dwyer, J. and Silcock, P. (2006) Comparison of set-aside and cross-compliance requirements in the UK, Germany and France. Unpublished report to Defra.

Dwyer, J., Ingram, J., Mills, J. and Gaskell, P. (2006) OBS02: CAP reform: implications of farm level change for environmental outcomes. Defra Agricultural Change and Environment Observatory (ACEO).

Dwyer, J. and Boatman, N. (2006) OBS 04 Summary report: The environmental implications of the 2003 CAP reforms in England. Defra ACEO.

Silcock, P., Dwyer, J. and Swales, V. (2005) Assessment of the impact of CAP Reform and other key policies on upland farms and land use implications in both severely disadvantaged & disadvantaged areas of England. Defra.

Dwyer, J. (2003) A re-examination of the function of direct payments and other commodity support within the CAP, in changing needs, opportunities and threats - the challenge to EU funding of land use and rural development policies.

Dwyer, J. and Blandford, D. (2011) Towards an enhanced evaluation of rural development policy: insights from EU and US approaches. Paper prepared for presentation at the 122nd EAAE Seminar Evidence-Based Agricultural and Rural Policy Making, February, Ancona.

Dwyer, J. (2011) CAP reform – the broader picture. FWAG Cyntaf seminars, 6-7 April.

Dwyer, J. and Short, C. (2011) Beyond agri-environment: a new approach to ecosystem services delivery in Exmoor. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the UK Agricultural Economics Society, Warwick, April 2011.

Mills, J., Gibbon, D., Ingram, J., Reed, M., Short, C. and Dwyer, J. (2010) Collective Action for Effective Environmental Management and Social Learning in Wales. In: 9th European IFSA Symposium,, 4‐7 July 2010, Vienna (Austria).

Dwyer, J., Pereira, S., Mikk, M., Peepson, A. and Thomson, K. (2010) RDP capacities, changing governance styles and the new challenges. Paper prepared for presentation at the 118th seminar of the EAAE (European Association of Agricultural Economists), ‘Rural development: governance, policy design and delivery’ Ljubljana, Slovenia, August.

Gaskell, P., Dwyer, J., Condliffe, I. And Jones, N. (2010). Economic and environmental impacts of changes in support measures for the English Uplands: An in-depth forward look from the farmer’s perspective, Defra, London. September.

Dwyer, J. (2009) Improving coherence and co-ordination between policy and funds for rural areas. Closing presentation at the seminar on Rural and Regional Policy held by DG Regio of the European Commission, Brussels, 1 October.

Dwyer, J. and Hill, B. (2009) Rural (and regional) development policies in the EU and their evaluation. Paper given at the workshop Processes of agricultural policy reform: evaluation of public policies for rural development, OECD Paris, June 15-16.

Dwyer, J. and Maye, D. (2009) The second wave of CAP rural development programmes: insights from policy design, delivery and context. Paper given at the 2009 Joint one-day conference of the UK Agricultural Economics Society and the Agricultural Economics Society of Dublin. Dublin, 1 April.

(2008) The effects of the 2003 CAP reforms on environmentally sustainable land management. Presentation at the OECD in Paris. July.

(2008) Chair of a session on the evaluation of agricultural and rural policies at a conference in Strasbourg organized by La Société Française de l'Évaluation and la DeGEval-Gesellschaft für Evaluation. 3-4 July.

(2008) Two applications of qualitative farmer attitude and behaviour analysis for policy. Presentation given in the Symposium on understanding farmer behaviour, Agricultural Economics Society Annual Conference, Cirencester, April.

(2008) Upland farming policy in Europe: the road ahead. Presentation to the Exmoor Society Annual Conference, May.

(2008) Principles for use in designing and implementing advisory initiatives to stimulate positive environmental behaviour by land managers. Rural Futures Conference 2008, 1-4 April, University of Plymouth, UK. With Blackstock, K., Mills, J., Ingram, J., Slee, B., Burton, R., Taylor, J. and Brown, K.

(2008) Modelling Spatial Impacts of Agricultural Land Use Change Scenarios in England. IALE UK Conference ‘Landscape Ecology and Conservation’, University of Cambridge, 8-10 September. With Boatman, N.D., Parry, H. R., Pietravalle, S. and Mills, J.

(2007) The State of the Rural Environment in Europe: What challenges and opportunities for future policy? Paper and presentation at the conference: 'Future policies for Rural Europe 2013 and beyond'. Land Use Policy Group/ Bundesministerium für Naturschutz, Brussels, September 2007. Full paper and PowerPoint available at

(2007) Presentation at Agra Europe's 5th Annual Conference on Rural Development in Europe, London. November.

(2007) The role of human and social capital in rural development — EU experience, presentation to a joint US-EU workshop on Rural Development held at Wye College.

(2007) Can Markets Deliver Green Farming? 'an evaluation of produce protocols and supply chain relationships. Paper presented at the 81st Annual Agricultural Economics Society (AES) Conference, University of Reading, England, 2 - 4 April. With Kirwan, J. and Ingram, J.

(2007) Presentation to Spring Conference of the Royal Agricultural Society of England (RASE) on 'Social Impacts of Change in Agriculture', in Stoneleigh, Warwickshire. With Lobley, M.

(2007) Subsidy Reform and Sustainable Development: Political Economy Aspects.

(2007) Presentation to annual conference of Defra's Catchment Sensitive Demonstration Farms Initiative officers, in Warwick.

(2006) Chair of sessions at the IEEP, UK ENARPRI and UK Agricultural Economics Society seminar, 'Agricultural Trade and Policy Reform: Where is the Action?', Wye College.

(2006) New trends in food consumption and marketing in the EU. Presentation to the Horizons in Livestock Sciences conference. Australia 6-15 October.

(2006) International Trade, Agricultural Policy Reform and the Multifunctionality of European Agriculture: A Framework for Analysis. Paper presented at the final ENARPRI conference on trade and multifunctionality, Brussels, June. With Guyomard, H.

(2006) Transition Issues In Subsidy Reform In Agriculture: The EU Case. Presentation to the OECD Workshop on subsidy reform and sustainable development, Helsinki, 20-21 June. Published in OECD.

(2006) Monitoring and Evaluation of EU Rural Development Programmes. Paper presented at the joint UK Agricultural Economics Society/Societe Francaise de l'Economie Rurale seminar 'New Frontiers for Agricultural and Rural Policy in Europe'. Paris, March. With Bradley, D. and Hill, B.

(2006) Green living: the state of agriculture and sustainability in Britain. Presentation to the 20th Annual British Bavarian Seminar. Organised by Wilton Park, Dillingen, Bavaria.

(2006) Presentation to the Agricultural Change and Environment Observatory Programme: Stakeholder Seminar, Defra, London. October.

(2006) The implications of the new EU Rural Development programme for the South West of England, SWCoRE Conference, Taunton. March.

(2006) The Future for Agriculture and the Landscape. Presentation given at Wye Valley AONB Joint Advisory Committee seminar, February.

Member of the Defra Sustainable Intensification Platform (SIP) Committee

Member, LEAF-LNFYS Steering Group

Member of the National Trust's Land Use and Access Panel of expert advisers, 2006-

Currently expert adviser to the EU Court of Auditors' evaluation of Agri-Environmental Policies in the EU.

Currently expert adviser to the European Environment Agency in its work on CAP funding and the environment.

UK Agricultural Economics Society, 1986 - 2005, and 2009 ongoing. (Executive Committee Member, 2004-8).

Member of the panel of reviewers for the Teagasc Rural Economy Research Series, Republic of Ireland

(2015) Evidence to the Environment and Sustainability Committee of the National Assembly for Wales, for the Environment (Wales) Bill. (July) with Berry, R.  Senedd tv video
Kirwan, J., Ingram, J., Dwyer, J. and MacDonald, N. (2010) The impact of produce protocols on farm environmemntal management. CCRI working paper.
(2009) Response to the CRC inquiry into the future for England’s upland communities, April. With Short, C.
(2008) Response to the No 10 Policy Unit’s Food Policy review, March.
(2008) Response to the Defra informal consultation on the proposed new Upland Entry Level Scheme (UELS), September. With Short, C. and Mills, J.
(2008) Response to the RELU paper on Land Use challenges. With Ingram, J.
(2007) Member of a 6-person ‘jury’ to examine a PhD thesis at the University of Bourgogne, Dijon, on the subject of the role of the regions in redefining agricultural policy.
2004-2007 External examiner, University of Aberdeen (Land Economy/Human Geography Masters programmes).