BSc (Hons) (Rural Environment Studies), MSc (Land Resource Management), APM PFQ

Telephone: +44 (0) 1242 714137



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Jane has been working at CCRI since 1998. Her main research interests focus on the social aspects of agri-environmental policy, sustainable agriculture and environmental management. She is particularly interested in understanding farmer behaviour in the context of agri-environment and sustainable soil management and in researching collaborative institutional arrangements and knowledge exchange processes which effectively reconcile agricultural production and environmental quality objectives.

Jane has led numerous European FP7 and H2020 projects, most recently Preventing and Remediating Degradation of Soils in Europe through Landcare (RECARE).  She is currently leading Work Package on Soil Care for profitable and sustainable crop production in Europe (SOILCARE), as well as leading a Work Package on the SPRINT project. Nationally, she is currently working for Natural England and Defra developing a set of social indicators to monitor and evaluate agri-environment schemes.

You can also follow Jane on Twitter @Jane__Mills


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Recent Publications

Ingram, J., Gaskell, P., Mills, J. and Dwyer, J.C., 2020. How do we enact co-innovation with stakeholders in agricultural research projects? Managing the complex interplay between contextual and facilitation processes. Journal of Rural Studies78, pp.65-77

Dal Ferro, Nicola, Camarotto, Carlo, Piccoli, Ilaria, Berti, Antonio, Mills, Jane and Morari, Francesco (2020) Stakeholder Perspectives to Prevent Soil Organic Matter Decline in Northeastern Italy. Sustainability, 12 (1). ISSN 2071-1050

Mills, Jane, Ingram, Julie, Dibari, Camilla, Merante, Paolo, Karaczun, Zbigniew, Molnar, Andras, Sánchez, Berta, Iglesias, A and Ghaley, Bhim Bahadur (2019) Barriers to and opportunities for the uptake of soil carbon management practices in European sustainable agricultural production. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems. ISSN 2168-3565 (In Press)

Mills, Jane, Reed, Matt, Skaalsveen, Kamilla and Ingram, Julie (2019) The use of Twitter for sustainable soil management knowledge exchange. Soil Use and Management, 35 (1). pp. 195-203.

Mills, J., Gaskell, P., Ingram, J. and Chaplin, S. (2018) Understanding farmers’ motivations for providing unsubsidised environmental benefits, Land Use Policy. March. Volume 76, July 2018, Pages 697-707

Ingram, J., Dwyer, J., Gaskell, P., Mills, J. and de Wolf, P.  (2018). Reconceptualising translation in agricultural innovation: A co-translation approach to bring research knowledge and practice closer together. Land Use Policy, 70, pp.38-51.

Ingram, J., Mills, J., Dibari, C., Ferrise, R.,  Ghaley, B.B.,  Hansen, J.G., Iglesias, A., Karaczun , Z., McVittie , A., Merante, P., Molnar, A. and Sánchez, B. (2016)  ‘Communicating soil carbon science to farmers: incorporating credibility, salience and legitimacy’.  Journal of Rural Studies  48 , 115-128. Free online access until 24 December

Mills, J., P. Gaskell, J. Ingram, J. Dwyer, M. Reed, and C. Short. 2016. Engaging farmers in environmental management through a better understanding of behaviour. Agriculture and Human Values:1-17. doi:10.1007/s10460-016-9705-4.

Schwilch, G., Bernet, L., Fleskens, L., Giannakis, E., Leventon, J., Maranon, T., Mills, J., Short, C., Stolte, J., van Delden, H.and Verzandvoor, S. (2016) Operationalizing ecosystem services for the mitigation of soil threats: A proposed framework. Ecological Indicators. Final version published online: 25-APR-2016, pp. 586-597 DOI information: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.03.016.

Sánchez, B., Iglesias, A.,McVittie, A.,Álvaro-Fuentes, J.,Ingram, J.,Mills, J., Lesschen, J.and Kuikman, P.(2016) Management of agricultural soils for greenhouse gas mitigation: Learning from a case study in NE Spain. Journal of Environmental Management, 170. pp. 37-49. ISSN 03014797 Access paper online.

Mills, J, Taylor, J, Dwyer, J Bartlett, J (2014) The well-being benefits of sensory-rich farm visits. International Journal of Agricultural Management Vol 4 (1), pp. 3-10.

Ingram, J., Mills, J., Frelih-Larsen, A., Davis, M., Merante, P., Ringrose, S., Molnar, A., Sánchez, B., Bahadur Ghaley, B.and Karaczun, Z. (2014)  ‘Managing Soil Organic Carbon: A Farm PerspectiveEurochoices Volume 13, Issue 2, pages 12–19, August.

Sutherland, L., Mills, J., Ingram, J., Burton, R.J.F., Dwyer, J. and Blackstock, K. (2013) Considering the source: Commercialisation and trust in agri-environmental information and advisory services in England. Journal of Environmental Management 118 (2013) 96-105. 

Mills, J, Gaskell, P, Jones, N. E and Boatman, N.D. (2013) Farmer attitudes and evaluation of outcomes to on-farm environmental management. Aspects of Applied Biology, 118, Environmental Management on Farmland: 209-216

Ingram, J., Gaskell, P., Mills, J. and Short, C. (2013) Incorporating agri-environment schemes into farm development pathways: a temporal analysis of farmer motivations. Land use Policy. 31, 267– 279

Mills, J. (2012) Exploring the social benefits of agri-environment schemes in EnglandJournal of Rural Studies 28 (4) p. 612-621

Courtney, P., Mills, J., Gaskell, P. and Chaplin, S. (2013) Investigating the incidental benefits of Environmental Stewardship schemes in EnglandLand Use Policy 31, p. 26-37.

Mills, J., Gibbon, D., Ingram, J., Reed, M., Short, C. and Dwyer, J. (2012) Organising collective action for effective environmental management and social learning in Wales. Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 17, 1, 69-83

Boatman, N. D., Pietravelle, S., Parry, H. R., Crocker, J., Irving, P. V., Turley, D.. B., Mills, J. and Dwyer J. C. (2009) Linking statistical models to spatial representations of change in populations of Skylark Alauda arvensis: a case study. Ibis 152, 63-76.

Mills, J. Return to hardy cattle breeds in the uplands; is it economically sustainable? (2009) Royal Agricultural Society of England Journal.

Mills, J., Rook A., Dumont, B., Isselstein, J., and Scimone, M. (2007) Effects of livestock breed and grazing intensity on biodiversity and production in sustainable grazing systems. 5. Management and policy implications. Grass and Forage Science, 62, 4.

Naumann, S., Frelih-Larsen, A., Prokop, G., Ittner, S., Reed, M., Mills, J., Morari, F., Verzandvoort, S., Albrecht, S., Bjuréus, A. and Siebielec, G., 2019. Land Take and Soil Sealing—Drivers, Trends and Policy (Legal) Instruments: Insights from European Cities. In International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy 2018 (pp. 83-112). Springer, Cham.

Ingram, J., Mills, J. (2018) SoilCare Task 8.2 Review of soil advice

Dwyer, J., Mills, J., Powell, J., Lewis, N., Gaskell, P. Felton, J. (2015) The State of Farming in Exmoor 2015. Project Report. University of Gloucestershire, Gloucester.

Ingram, J., Mills, J. and Reed, M. (2014) Evaluation of the Duchy Originals Future Farming (DOFF) Farmer Field Labs for the Soil Association.

Ingram, J. and Mills, J. (2014) Deliverable 5.2 Overview of socio-economic influences on crop and soil management systems. The full report is available on (Case study partners: G. Bhim Bahadur, C. Dibari, A. McVittie, A. Molnar, B. Sánchez, Z. Karaczun)

Short, C., Boatman, N., Jones, G., Mills, J., Newell-Price, P. and Wynn, S. (2013) Evidence requirements to support the design of new agri-environment schemes (BD5011), for Defra.

Mills, J., Gaskell, P., Reed, M., Short, C., Ingram, J., Boatman, N., Jones, N., Conyers, S., Carey, P., Winter, M. and Lobley, M. (2013) Farmer attitudes and evaluation of outcomes to on-farm environmental management. Report to Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). CCRI: Gloucester.

Ingram, J., Mills, J., Frelih-Larsen, A. and Davis, M. (2012) Uptake of soil management practices and experiences with decisions support tools: Analysis of the consultation with the farming community. Deliverable 5.1 for EU SmartSoil project.

Short, C., Fisher, R., Mills, J., Jones, O., Gaskell, P., Kambites, C., Cairns. A and Manley, W. (2012) Integrated Biodiversity Delivery Area Programme: Selection and Development Phase Evaluation. Report for Natural England.

Mills, J., Short, C., Courtney, P. and Cairns, A. (2012) Economics of Co-ordination in Environmental Stewardship. Final report to Defra and Natural England Project No. FFG 1128

Mills, J., Gaskell, P., Short, C. Manley, W., Kambites, C., Lewis,N. Clark, M. and Boatman, N. (2012) Attitudes to Uplands Entry Level Stewardship. Natural England Commissioned Report NECR091

Powell, J., Mills, J., Courtney, P. and Short, C. (2011) Developing approaches to ex-post assessment of regulatory change impacts at the farm level: prototype study. Draft final report to Defra.

Gaskell, P., Mills, J., Lewis, N., Short, C., Kambites, C. and Turner, M. (2011) South West Uplands Initiative, Baseline Report to South West Upland Initiative Partners.

Gaskell, P., Dwyer, J., Jones, J., Jones, N., Boatman, N., Condliffe, I., Conyers, S., Ingram, J., Kirwan, J., Manley, W., Mills, J., and Ramwell, C. (2010) Economic and environmental impacts of changes in support measuresginals Future Farming (DOFF) Farmer Field Labs for the Soil Association. for the English Uplands: An in-depth forward look from the farmer’s perspective. Final report to the Defra Agricultural Change and Environment Observatory programme by the Countryside and Community Research Institute and the Food and Environment Research Agency Central Science Laboratory.

Ingram, J., Short, C., Gaskell, P., Mills, J., Lewis, N., Clark, M., Dennis, E., Fisher, R. and Owen, I. (2009) Entry and exit from agri-environmental schemes in Wales. Report for Welsh Assembly Government

Mills, J, Lewis, N. and Dwyer, J. (2010) The Benefits of LEAF Membership: a qualitative study to understand the added value that LEAF brings to its farmer members. Report to LEAF (Linking Farming And Environment).

Mills, J, Short, C, Ingram, J, Griffiths, R, Dwyer, J, McEwen, L, Chambers, F and Kirkham, G (2010) Review of the Exmoor Peatland Restoration Project. Report for Exmoor National Park Authority.

Mills, J, Courtney, P, Gaskell, P, Ingram, J (2010) Assessing the incidental socio-economic impacts of Environmental Stewardship. Report to Defra and Natural England

Mills, J, Dwyer, J, Ingram, J, Simpson, R, Oostindie, H, Primdahl, J, Bojesen, M, Powell, N and Powell, S. (2009) EU environmental regulations in agriculture. Report for Environment Agency.

Mills, J, Dwyer, J, Taylor, J and Reed, M (2009) Smarter Land Management: an assessment of the policy framework. Report for the National Trust.

Elliot, J, Boatman, N, Mills, J, Dwyer, J (2009) Evaluation of Cross Compliance. Report for Defra.

Courtney, P, Gaskell, P, Mills, J (2008) Scoping study on the socio-economic benefits of heritage in National Parks. Report for English Heritage and Cadw.

Gaskell, P, Ingram, J, Mills, J (2008) A review of environmental benefits supplied by agri-environment schemes. Report for Natural England.

Mills, J., Ingram, J., Reed, M. R., Short, C., Gibbon, D., Dwyer, J. and Butler, A. (2008) Evaluation of key factors that lead to successful agri-environmental co-operative schemes. Report for Welsh Assembly Government.

Gaskell, P., Boatman, N., Dwyer, J., Mills, J., Ingram, J., Short, C. and Turley, D. (2008) Environmental Observatory update – the implications of the 2003 CAP reform for the environment in England. A report to Defra’s Agricultural Change and Environment Observatory (ACEO).

Boatman, N., Ramwell, C., Parry, H., Jones, N., Bishop, J., Gaskell, P., Short, C., Mills, J. and Dwyer, J. (2008) A Review of environmental benefits supplied by agri-environmental schemes. Report to Land Use Policy Group. Available to download from

Dwyer, J., Mills, J., Ingram, J. and Taylor, T. (CCRI), Burton, R., Blackstock, K., Slee, B., Brown, K., Schwarz, G. and Dils, R. (MLURI) (2007) Understanding and influencing positive behaviour change in farmers and land managers. Final report to Defra.

Gaskell, P., Kirwan, J., Ingram, J., Dwyer, J. and Mills, J. (2007) Environmental impacts of CAP reform: assessment of implications of farm level change for environmental outcomes. Final report to Defra.

Dwyer, J., Ingram, J., Mills, J., Boatman, N., Ingram, J., Taylor, J., Parry, H. and Turley, D. (2007) Assessing the Impact of Cross-Compliance in England. Final Report to Defra.

Courtney, P., Gaskell, P., Edwards, R. and Mills, J. (2007) A socio-economic study of grant-funded traditional drystone wall and farm building restoration in the Yorkshire Dales National Park. Final Report to English Heritage.

Dwyer, J., Mills, J. and ADAS. (2006) Monitoring the impacts of CAP reform upon biodiversity in Wales. Report to Welsh Assembly Government and Countryside Council for Wales.

Mills, J., Gibbon, D., Dwyer, J., Short, C. and Ingram, J. (2006) Identification of Delivery Mechanisms for Welsh Top-Tier Agri-Environment Schemes. Final Report to Countryside Council for Wales.

Dwyer, J., Gaskell, P., Mills, J., Ingram, J. and Taylor, J. (2006) CAP Reform: Implications of farm level change for environmental outcomes (OBS02). Defra Agricultural Change and Environment Observatory programme.

Boatman, N., Parry, H., Bishop, J., Pietravalle, S., Ramwell, C., Cuthbertson, A., Dwyer, J., Gaskell, P., Mills, J. and Ingram, J. (2006). OBS 03: Quantitative approaches to assessment of farm level changes and implications for the environment. Defra Agricultural Change and Environment Observatory.

Boatman, N., Bishop, J., Dwyer, J., Gaskell, P., Mills, J., Ingram, J. and Pietravalle, J. (2006) CAP reform: Environmental Monitoring baseline project (OBS01). Final report to Defra.

Mills, J. (2016) Facilitated workshop on 'Social and environmental impact of robotics and autonomous systems in farming'. At ‘Exploring farmers' conditions, strategies and performances in a context of multi-dimensional policy requirements, market imperfections and globalisation: Towards a conceptual model’. 12th European IFSA Symposium, Social and technological transformation of farming systems: Diverging and converging pathways. Harper Adams University, UK. 12-15th July 2016.

Short, C., Mills, J. and Ingram, J. (2015) Rethinking Soils: an under-investigated commons?  Session Soil Threats & Ecosystem Services, EGU General Assembly 2015, Austria

Schwilch, G., Bernet, L., Fleskens, L., Mills, J., Stolte, J., van Delden, H. and Verzandvoort, S. (2015) A proposed framework to operationalize ESS for the mitigation of soil threats.  Session Soil Threats & Ecosystem Services, EGU General Assembly 2015, Austria.

Mills, J., Ingram, J., Frelih-Larsen, A., Davis, M. (2013) Soil management practices to deliver crop productivity and soil carbon storage: understanding socio-economic barriers to, and opportunities for, implementation . Sustainable intensification: The pathway to low carbon farming? 25-27 September 2013, John McIntyre Conference Centre, Edinburgh; 09/2013

Mills, J, Gaskell, P, Jones, N. E and Boatman, N.D. (2013) Farmer attitudes and evaluation of outcomes to on-farm environmental management. Association of Applied Biologist Conference, Environmental Management on Farmland, 23-25th April, 2013

Ingram, J. Frelih-Larsen, A. Mills, J. and Naumann, S. (2012) Using adviser consultation in development of a Decision Support Tool in the SmartSOIL project. Presentation at the 10th European International Farming Systems Association (IFSA) Symposium, 1-4 July 2012 in Aarhus, Denmark: Producing and reproducing farming systems: New modes of organisation for sustainable food systems of tomorrow

(2010). Collective action for effective environmental management and social learning in Wales. Workshop 1.1 Innovation and change facilitation for rural development. 9th European IFSA. Building Sustainable Futures, Vienna Austria . 4-7th July 2010. With Gibbon, D, Ingram, J., Reed, M, Short, C. and Dwyer, J.

Gaskell, P. and Mills, J. (2010) Assessing the incidental socio-economic impacts of Environmental Stewardship. Defra, London, October.

(2008) Socio-economic benefits of the historic landscape: Experience from English National Parks. The Permanent European Conference for the Study of the Rural Landscape. “Landscapes, Identities and development” Lisbon / Óbidos, Portugal, 1-5 September. With Courtney, P and Gaskell, P.

(2008) The naturalization of cultural heritage within landscape conservation policy and practice in England. The Permanent European Conference for the Study of the Rural Landscape. “Landscapes, Idnentities and development” Lisbon / Óbidos, Portugal, 1-5 September. With Gaskell, P. and Courtney, P.

(2008) Principles for use in designing and implementing advisory initiatives to stimulate positive environmental behaviour by land managers. Rural Futures Conference 2008, 1-4 April 2008, University of Plymouth, UK. With Blackstock,.K., Dwyer, J., Ingram, J., Slee, B., Burton, R., Taylor, J. and Brown, K.

(2008) Modelling Spatial Impacts of Agricultural Land Use Change Scenarios in England. IALE UK Conference “Landscape Ecology and Conservation” University of Cambridge 8-10th September. With Boatman, N.D., Parry, H. R., Pietravalle, S. and J.C.Dwyer.

(2008) Response to the Defra informal consultation on the proposed new Upland Entry Level Scheme (UELS), September. With Short, C. and Dwyer, J.

(2006) Identification of delivery mechanisms for Welsh top-tier agri-environment schemes. Presentation at a Seminar on Co-operative Land Management Schemes held at the Welsh Assembly Government offices, Cardiff, October.

(2006) Traditional farm building and drystone wall restoration in the Yorkshire Dales National Park, Presentation to Steering Group at English Heritage, London, November. With Courtney, P. and Gaskell, P.

PhD supervisor, University of Gloucestershire